Civil War and Reconstruction

Civil War and Reconstruction Acknowledgments


Aboard the Underground Railroad:  Harriet Beecher Stowe” May 23, 2007, National Park Service's National Register of Historic Places,

The African American Family in Slavery and Emancipation by Wilma A. Dunaway (Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 2003)

Apollo’s Struggle: A Performing Arts Odyssey in the Athens of the South, Nashville, Tennessee by Martha Ingram (Franklin, Tennessee: Hillsboro Press, 2004)

Army of the Heartland: The Army of Tennessee, 1861-1862 by Thomas L. Connelly (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press) 1967

Banners to the Breeze:  The Kentucky Campaign, Corinth, and Stones River by Earl J. Hess (Lincoln:  University of Nebraska Press, 2000

Battle Cry of Freedom:  The Civil War Era by James McPherson. (New York:  Oxford University Press, 1988)

Battle in the Civil War, Generalship and Tactics in America, 1861-65, by Paddy Griffith (Fieldbooks, 1986)

“The Battle” section, Fort Donelson National Battlefield, Department of the Interior, National Park Service, available online at

“The Battle of Shiloh:  From the Letters and Diary of Joseph Dimmit Thompson,” edited by John G. Biel, Tennessee Historical Quarterly, vol. XVII, no. 3 (September 1958)

“Battle of Shiloh,” Shiloh National Military Park, Department of Interior, National Park Service, available online at culture /shiloh-history.htm" target="_blank"> culture /shiloh-history.htm

“Battles and Leaders, 1861-1865,” The Tennessee Civil War National Heritage Area, Center for Historic Preservation, Middle Tennessee State University. 

“Belle Edmondson” Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and culture, 1998,

Belle Edmondson Diary, January – November, 1864. (Manuscript Collection, Southern Historical Collection. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill)

The Blue and Gray in Black and White: A History of Civil War Photography by Bob Zeller (Westport, CT: Praeger, 2005)

“A Chronology of US Historical Documents,” College of Law University of Oklahoma

"Civil War," Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and culture,

“The Civil War and Emancipation,” Public Broadcasting Service,

“Civil War Battle Summaries by State,” Heritage Preservation Services, National Park Services, Department of the Interior,

“The Civil War Diary of Louisa Brown Pearl,” edited by James A. Hoobler.  Tennessee Historical Quarterly, vol. XXXVIII, no. 3 (Fall 1979) Tennessee Library and Archives

“Civil War Explorer” The Civil War Preservation Trust,

Civil War Medicine by C. Keith Wilbur, M.D. (Old Saybrook, CT: The Globe Pequot Press, 1998)

Civil War Medicine: Challenges and Triumphs by Alfred J. Bollett (Tucson, Arizona: Galen Press, 2002)

Civil War Soldiers & Sailors System,” National Park Service.

Civil War States Losses and Troops Furnished,” Civil War-Net, cites “A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion” Frederick H. Dyer, 1908

Civil War Tennessee: Battles and Leaders by Thomas L. Connelly (Knoxville: The University of Tennessee Press, 1979)

Colonel John A. Logan, 31st Illinois Volunteer Infantry to Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton, March 3, 1862, catalog number 2003.24.13, Tennessee State Museum, Nashville, TN
Company Aytch: A Confederate Memoir of the Civil War by Sam R. Watkins (New York: Simon & Schuster Inc., 1990)

The Confederacy’s Greatest Cavalryman: Nathan Bedford Forrest by Brian Steel Wills (Lawrence:  University Press of Kansas, 1992)

Confederate Hospitals on the Move: Samuel H. Stout and the Army of Tennessee by Glenna L. Schroeder-Lein (Columbia, SC: University of South Carolina Press, 1994)

“Constitutional Union Party,” Encyclopedia Britannica Online, May 22, 2007

“contraband Camps” Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and culture.

“Cooper Family Papers”, William Cooper to Matthew D. Cooper, October 12, 1856, Tennessee State Library and Archives

Days of Glory:  The Army of the Cumberland, 1861-1865 by Larry Daniels (Baton Rouge:  Louisiana State University Press, 2004)

“Diary of Alice Williamson” by Alice Williamson, April 23, 1864. An online Archival Collection, Special Collections Library, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina

Diary of Charles Todd Quintard, Doctor Quintard, Chaplain and Second Bishop of Tennessee: The Memoir and Civil War, edited by Sam Davis Elliott (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2003)

Divided Family in the Civil War America, by Amy Murrell Taylor (Chapel Hill, University of North Carolina Press, 2005)  

“Emancipation Proclamation,” in the “National Archives Featured Documents,” online at:

Eyewitnesses at the Battle of Franklin, edited by David Logsdon (Nashville:  Kettle Mills Press, 1991, 2000)

Eyewitnesses at the Battle of Shiloh edited by David R. Logsdon (Nashville:  Kettle Mills Press, 1994)

Eyewitnesses to the Civil War: The Complete History from Secession to Reconstruction by Neil Kagan and Stephen G. Hylsop (National Geographic, Washington D.C.)

“Family Letters: Home Life in Madison and Carroll Counties, Tennessee, 1864-1868”  Mary Woods to Utopia Herron, Spring Creek, Tennessee, May 5, 1868 in Mary U. Rothrock, The West Tennessee Historical Society Papers 24 (1970)

Families and Freedom: A Documentary History of African-American Kinship in the Civil War Era, edited by Col. John Foley, Memphis, TN, January 11, 1865 in Ira Berlin and Leslie Rowlands eds.  (New York: The New Press, 1997)

“Fighting for Independence and Slavery:  Confederate Perceptions of Their War Experiences,” by James Paxton, Jr., Master’s Theses, Digital Library and Archives, Virginia Tech

Five Tragic Hours, The Battle of Franklin by Thomas L. Connelly and James Lee McDonough (Knoxville, The University of Tennessee Press, 1983)

For Cause and Comrades: Why Men Fought in the Civil War by James McPherson (New York: Oxford University Press, 1997)

“Fort Donelson”, TN History for Kids,

 Forts Henry and Donelson:  The Key to the Confederate Heartland by Benjamin Franklin Cooling (Knoxville:  University of Tennessee Press, 1987)

“Fort Pillow,” by John Cimprich, The Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and culture, (Nashville:  Tennessee Historical Society, 1998)

“Fort Pillow, Forrest, and the United States Colored Troops in 1864” by Kenneth Bancroft Moore, Tennessee Historical Quarterly, vol. LIV, no. 3 (Summer 1995)

“The Gangs of Memphis,” Memphis Bulletin. July 21, 1863, Tennessee Civil War Sourcebook

“General Orders. No. 75, relative to Free Negroes and Mulattos in Memphis” Memphis Bulletin Aug. 16, 1863

Gentlemen’s Agreement” by Joe Williams, National Park Service.

Georgia Encyclopedia, online at :

“Goober Peas Music,” National Institutes of Health, Department of Health & Human Services

Hardee’s Rifle and Light Infantry Tactics by W.J. Hardee (New York:  J.O. Kane, Publisher, 1862, reprint, Corinth, MS:  C&D Jarnagin, n.d.)

The Hard Hand of War: Union Military Policy toward Southern Civilians, 1861-1865 by Mark Grimsley (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1995)

Hardtack and Coffee by John Billings (Old Saybrook, CT: Konecky & Konecky, 1887)

History of Banking in the United States by John Jay Knox, (New York: Bradford Rhodes, 1903)

History of Tennessee, vol. 2 by Stanley Folmsbee, Robert E. Corlew, and Enoch L. Mitchell (New York: Lewis Historical Publishing Company, Inc., 1960)

"History of the -Rock City Guards-,"

History of the Twentieth Tennessee Regiment Volunteer Infantry C.S.A  by W.J. McMurray (Nashville: The Publication Committee, 1904)

“Introduction,” Tennessee Civil War Sourcebook by James B. Jones, Jr. available online at

“John Hill Fergusson Diary,” entry, November 26, 1863, available online at The Tennessee Civil War Sourcebook, edited by James B. Jones, Jr.,

“Kate Carney Diary,” May 12, 1862, Manuscript Department, Southern Historical Collection, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

“Landscape and Genre Painting in Tennessee, 1810-1985” by James C. Kelly,  Tennessee Historical Quarterly 44 (Summer 1985)

“Letter to Hon. John -Sherman- from -Sarah Thompson-, April 19, 1879”, “Sarah E. Thompson Papers,” Special Collections Library, Duke University.

Letters from the Homefront: The Civil War by Virginia Schomp (Salt Lake City: Benchmark Books, 2002)

The Life and Adventures of Nat Love by Nat Love (Lincoln, Neb:  The University of Nebraska Press, 1995) 

The Life of Johnny Reb, The Common Soldier of the Confederacy by Bell Irvin Wiley (Baton Rouge:  Louisiana State University Press, 1978)

“The Lincoln Log: A Daily Chronicle of the Life of Abraham Lincoln” Illinois Historic Preservation Agency and the Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library and Museum, May 13, 1864, 

“Manassas,” National Park Service,

Messages of the Governors of Tennessee 1857-1869, Vol. 5,  edited by Robert H. White (Nashville:  The Tennessee Historical Commission, 1959)

“Methodism and Reconstruction in East Tennessee” by William B. Hesseltine, East Tennessee Historical Society’s Publications no. 3 (January 1931)

Mothers of Invention: Women of the Slaveholding South in the American Civil War by Drew Gilpin Faust (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1996) 

Music of the Civil War Era by Steven H. Cornelius (Westport, Connecticut: Greenword Press, 2004)

“My Dear Husband” Sarah Kennedy letter, Dec. 29, 1862, Tennessee Library and Archives

Nashville: The Occupied City,  The First Seventeen Months-February 16, 1862, to June 30, 1863 by Walter T. Durham (Nashville: The Tennessee Historical Society, 1985)

Nathan Bedford Forrest, A Biography by Jack Hurst (New York, Alfred A. Knopf, 1994)

Nation of Nations:  A Narrative History of the American Republic, Volume 1:  To 1877, 3rd ed. by David West Davidson, et al.  (Boston:  McGraw-Hill, 1998)

National Party Platforms: Volume I 1840-1956, compiled by Donald Bruce Johnson (Champaign: University of Illinois Press) 

“The Negroes About Town,” Nashville Dispatch, June 24, 1864, Tennessee Civil War Sourcebook,

“Negroes in Memphis,” Memphis Bulletin, Oct. 30, 1863, Tennessee Civil War Sourcebook

“The Negro’s Civil War in Tennessee, 1861-1865” by Bobby Lovett,  Journal of Negro History, vol. 61 no. 1 (Jan. 1976)

No Better Place to Die:  The Battle of Stones River by Peter Cozzens (Urbana:  University of Illinois Press, 1990)

 “November 29, 1864-January 12, 1865—Operations of the Fourteenth, Sixteenth and Forty-fourth United States Colored Infantry” by Colonel Thomas J. Morgan, available online at The Tennessee Civil War Sourcebook,

Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies (Washington, 1880-1901) series 1, X, part 2

“Old Glory:  An American Treasure Comes Home” exhibit, organized by the Tennessee State Museum, 2006

“Ohio History Center’s Online Encyclopedia,” Ohio Historical Society,

“Patriotic Melodies, Battle Hymn of the Republic,” Library of Congress.

“Pen and Sword:  The Life and Journals of Randal W. McGavock,” edited by Jack Allen (Nashville, 1959)

“People & Events:  The Civil War and Emancipation, 1861 – 1865,” PBS Online

“Photography and the Civil War” The Metropolitan Museum of Art,

“The Politics of Memory:  Remembering the Civil War in Rutherford County, Tennessee” by Miranda L. Fraley (Ph.D. diss.:  Indiana University, 2004)

“President Andrew Johnson: Life Before the Presidency,” Miller Center of Public Affairs, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA.

Rebel Cornbread & Yankee Coffee by Gary Fisher (Birmingham, AL: Crane Hill Publishers, 2001)

Rebel Sons of Erin, A Civil War Unit History of the Tenth Tennessee Infantry Regiment (Irish) Confederate States Volunteers by Ed Gleeson (Indianapolis:  Guild Press of Indiana, 1993)

Recollections of 92 Years, 1824-1916 by Elizabeth Avery Meriwether (Nashville: The Tennessee Historical Commission, 1958)

“The Refugees,” Nashville Dispatch November 24, 1864, cited in Chattanooga Gazette, November 22, 1864, Civil War Sourcebook

"Reiminiscences of Lt. Spencer Talley, 28th Tennessee Infantry," 

Religion in Tennessee, 1777-1945 by Herman Albert Norton (Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1981)

“The Rise of Industry and the Industrial Spirit in Tennessee, 1865-1885” by C.G. Belissary,  Journal of Southern History 19 (1953)

Rousing Songs and True Tales of the Civil War by Wayne Erbson (Asheville, NC: Native Ground Music, 1999)

Rules of Land Warfare, United States, Government Printing Office, 1940

Shiloh:  The Battle that Changed the Civil War by Larry Daniels (New York:  Simon and Schuster, 1997)

“Shiloh National Cemetery History,” Shiloh National Military Park, National Park Service, Dept. of the Interior,

Slavery in the Clover Bottoms:  John McCline’s Narrative of His Life during Slavery and the Civil War, by John McCline, edited by Jan Furman (Knoxville:  University of Tennessee Press, 1998)

Soldiering in the Army of Tennessee: A Portrait of Life in a Confederate Army by Larry Daniel (Chapel Hill:  University of North Carolina Press, 1991)

A Southern Boy in Blue: The Memoir of Marcus Woodcock 9th Kentucky Infantry (U.S.A.) by Marcus Woodcock (Knoxville:  University of Tennessee Press, 1996)

Stones River—Bloody Winter in Tennessee by James Lee McDonough (Knoxville:  University of Tennessee Press, 1980)

Tennesseans and Their History by Stephen Ash, Paul Bergeron, and Jeanette Keith, (Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1999)

Tennessee: A Short History by Robert E. Corlew (Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1981)

Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and culture, online at

The Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and culture.  Edited by Carroll Van West. (Nashville; Rutledge Hill Press, 1988, 1998)

Those Courageous Women of the Civil War by Karen Zeinert (Brookfield, Connecticut: Millbrook Press, 1998)

Thrilling Adventures of Daniel Ellis, Great Union Guide of East Tennessee, for a Period of Nearly Four Years During the Great Southern Rebellion by Daniel Ellis (New York: Harper and Brothers, 1867)

To the Sound of the Musketry and Tap of the Drum, edited by James G. Genco (Detroit:  Detroit Book Press, 1990)

“Union Refugees Arrive in Nashville,” Nashville Daily Union, September 10, 1862, Tennessee Civil War Sourcebook,

Voices of the Civil War: Shiloh, Editors of Time-Life Books (Alexandria, VA:  Time-Life Books, N.D.)

Voices of the Civil War—Shiloh,  “Historic Figures:  Henry Stanley,” British Broadcasting Corporation

"The Washingtons of Wessyngton Plantation: Stories of My Family's Journey to Freedom," by John Baker Jr. (New York: Atria Books, 2009)

“The West Tennessee Colored Troops in Civil War Combat” by Bobby Lovett,  West Tennessee Historical Society Papers, vol. 34 (Oct. 1980)

“What was life as a soldier like in 1863?” Gettysburg National Military Park,

When the Yankees Came:  Conflict and Chaos in the Occupied South, 1861-1865 by Stephen V. Ash (Chapel Hill:  University of North Carolina Press, 1995)

Women in the Civil War: Extraordinary Stories of Soldiers, Spies, Nurses, Doctors, Crusaders ,and Others by Lany

“Women in the War” lesson plan, Stones River National Battlefield.


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