|GRADES: 9 (United States History)
DURATION: 2 sessions of 45 minutes
(adapted from information online here):After World War II, Tennessee exploded as a music capital. Country music, rock and roll, blues, gospel, and bluegrass were all recorded and produced in Tennessee. Elvis Presley was the king.
New technologies, like audio tape and affordable electric musical instruments, made it easier for more people to create music.
Radio and television helped to promote artists and their songs to Americans who now had more money to buy records, sheet music and tapes.
Nashville and Country Music:
Nashville quickly became the center for country music, developing around George Hay’s Grand Ole Opry.
Songwriters, publishers and record companies created an industry with artists like Eddie Arnold, Hank Williams, and Patsy Cline. Nashville became known as "Music City."
Memphis and the Blues:
In Memphis, new blues-based styles developed into rock and roll and soul. Bluesmen like B. B. King adapted traditional acoustic blues to the electric guitar.
Rock & Roll and Sun Records:
Sam Phillips started Sun Records, a small recording company that discovered some of the 1950s/1960s biggest music stars. They produced such performers as Elvis Presley, Carl Perkins, Jerry Lee Lewis and Johnny Cash.
Soul Music and Stax Records:
Stax Records turned out Sam & Dave, Marvin Gaye, and a host of other successful talent.
Objectives: Students will
Session 1: Research
Note: To print out copies of images in slideshows, follow these steps:
1. Go to the section of the website where the image occurs.
2. When the slide shows up, click on the upper right corner to stop the slide show.
3. Right click on the image and select print.
4. To print in grayscale, select grayscale under the color tab under preferences.
Session 2: Oral Reports
The Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture - http://tennesseeencyclopedia.net/
Stax Museum of American Soul Music - http://www.soulsvilleusa.com/explore-museum/
Memphis Music (http://tennesseeencyclopedia.net/imagegallery.php?EntryID=M076)
Tennessee United States History Standards (http://state.tn.us/education/ci/ss/9_12_us_hist.shtml):
Tennessee Social Studies Process Skills
National History Standards (http://nchs.ucla.edu/standards/era9-5-12.html):
5-12 Thinking Standards: STANDARD 2: Historical Comprehension
The student comprehends a variety of historical sources: Therefore, the student is able to
I. Draw upon the visual, literary, and musical sources including: (a) photographs, paintings, cartoons, and architectural drawings; (b) novels, poetry, and plays; and, (c) folk, popular and classical music, to clarify, illustrate, or elaborate upon information presented in the historical narrative.